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tv   CBS Overnight News  CBS  April 27, 2016 3:12am-4:01am PDT

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in all, isis has lost 40% of the territory it once controlled in iraq. according to u.s. officials. they also claim that coalition air strikes have killed 25,000 isis militants in iraq and syria. and the pentagon says only 200 foreign fighters are joining the extremists each month. down from 1500 a year ago. but the numbers don't tell the whole story. isis still controls the city of fallujah and u.s. military advisers are now back in the surrounding province of anbar, one of the bloodiest battlefield after the american invasion of iraq.
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mosul, iraq's second biggest city has been ruled by isis since 2014. but according to a u.s. intelligence official, mosul probably won't be recaptured before next year. across the border in syria, regime forces and kurdish-arab alliance backed by the u.s. are both closing in on raqqa, the so-called isis capital. even if isis is defeated in syria, that's unlikely to end the country's bloody, multisided civil war. the syrian cease-fire agreed two months ago is now in tatters. as regime forces pummel the city of aleppo. even if isis is completely stripped of its territory, at least some of its fighters would probably then turn to guerrilla warfare. scott, we're already seeing isis use those tactics around ramadi which was recaptured from the group in february.
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>> holly williams reporting from turkey tonight. holly, thanks. in another important story, an fda panel rejected the pleas of of parents whose children from a rare always fay fal dtal disease. an experimental drug shows promise. the panel wasn't convinced. see for yourself in the story from jim axel rotd. austin's view from his wheelchair is dire. >> most kids with my disability are on death row. toward the end of their lives. >> reporter: he and his brother max suffer from duchenne, muscular dystrophy, a muscle wasting disease that is fatal typically by age 25. >> reporter: what's the roughest part of this whole deal? >> everybody else not being able to be on the drug. >> reporter: the drug, eteplirsen isn't a secure but slows down duchenne helping restore a missing protein.
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up to 15,000 buenos aires the u.s. have duchenne. austin and max are two of roughly 100 kids in clinical trials. >> i do believe this is holding the kids from the the edge of the cliff. >> jennifer mcnary is their mother. she has seen austin maintain certain functions on the drug and regain others like raising his arm above his head. >> yes! >> reporter: max one of the first to get eteplirsen is still walking four years later. >> it almost worse to be shown something that could treat your children and then to be told it could be taken away than it is to just come to terms with having children that are ill. >> why is the fda so focused on outliars. >> reporter: yesterday an fda advisory committee held a hearing before voting to recommend the drug's approval. the small size of the trial raised red flags for the committee as well as questions about the drug's effectiveness which didn't set well with austin. >> i can only guess that you
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don't know anything about duchenne. >> even tossing a football inside the hearing room to demonstrate the drug's benefits. did not sway the committee. they voted against approval 7-3. the families were devastated. >> it is an incredibly disappointing day. if we have to go through this for every drug, for duchenne, every rare disease drug, we don't have it in us. >> should the fda go along with the committee recommendation and deny approval of the drug, the maker of eteplirsen could start over with another trial. that could take years. scott, that is time these boys who suffer from duchenne just don't have. >> not a final decision yet. jim, thank you very much. today, a search team found the data recorder belonging to the sunken cargo ship "el faro" the size of a microwave. found nearly 3 miles underwater off the bahamas. investigators hope the recorder
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will help them understand why the ship went down. 33 crew members were lost in a hurricane last october. it was the worst american ship disaster in decades. coming up -- who will get coming up -- who will get prince's i think we should've taken a tarzan know where tarzan go! tarzan does not know where tarzan go. hey, excuse me, do you know where the waterfall is? waterfall? no, me tarzan, king of jungle. why don't you want to just ask somebody? if you're a couple, you fight over directions. it's what you do. if you want to save fifteen percent or more on car insurance, you switch to geico. oh ohhhhh it's what you do. ohhhhhh! do you have to do that right in my ear? (cheering) narrator: marriage. dishes. divorce. dishes. every dish, every time. only finish has the power ball to take on anything.
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and a bill of up to $13,000. but for only $7 a month, rid-x is scientifically proven to break down waste, helping you avoid a septic disaster. rid-x. the #1 brand used by septic professionals in their own tanks. today, prince's sister said the multimillionaire rock star died without a will.
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jamie yuccas has our story. ♪ i don't want your extra time and your -- kiss ♪ >> reporter: in life prince was in total control of his music, but in death it appears control may be turned over to a judge. these court documents filed on behalf of his sister, tyka nelson states she does not know of an existence of a will and requests appointment of a special add stray tr to divide his estate. entertainment lawyer, ken abo worked with prince in the past. how does he not have a will? >> one logical explanation, he did not expect to die. >> abo is surprised given prince's army of lawyer. >> i was in a room once ten years ago, somebody posed the question how many here have done work for prince? 15 competent known music lawyers raised their hands. >> reporter: in addition to tyka nelson the court documents list six half siblings under minnesota law are equal heirs.
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♪ party like it's 1999 >> reporter: today's filing states prince's total assets are unknown. but reported net worth including paisley park property is $300 ♪ purple rain purple rain >> his music catalog which includes an recording with miles davis could be worth hundreds of millions more. scott, the sheriff's office says a preliminary cause of death could come within a week. >> jamie yuccas reporting to night. jamie, thank you. coming up, a 27-year fight for justice after a sports tragedy.
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96 soccer fans were crushed to death in britain's worst sporting disaster. that was nearly three decades ago. >> but today a jury found who was responsible. here's mark phillips. >> reporter: this wasn't just justice but vindication and redemption and a team to sing the liverpool soccer fans' anthem. ♪ ♪ finally, the families of the victims of this disaster weren't walking alone. nay were right all along about who was to blame for the tragedy that took place 27 years ago. when liverpool fans poured into a stadium in sheffield for an important away game. and 96 of them died in the crush. a police cover-up claimed the fans had forced their way into the stadium. but a coroner's court now ruled it was the police who allowed the stand to become so
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overcrowded that those in the front were trampled and crushed against a restraining fence. for the bereaved like this woman whose 18-year-old son was killed. it is more than justice at last. >> i want you to rest in peace now, without seeing your mom's anger. i'm sure after today. >> he is going to have a good sleep. [ indiscernible ] >> reporter: police and stadium officials were also blamed for not having an emergency plan to help those who could be helped. instead says trevor hicks who lost two daughters that day they tried to blame the victims. >> in the early days we would have had the poor victims. i was a vindictive scowl iing. >> they finally have and preclaimed their exoneration.
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mark phillips, cbs news,,,,,,,,,
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virginia mclaurin the picture of health at 107. she lacked a picture id. she found if you have to waltz around the bureaucracy, it's best to have a good partner. here's correspondent bill plante. >> she's dancing. come on! >> it was this dance with president and mrs. obama that made 107-year-old virginia mclaurin famous. >> i thought i would never live to get in the white house. >> well you are right here. >> i am so happy. >> the video went viral. video requests poured in. mclaurin couldn't travel.
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she has had no government issued id since her purse was snatched years ago. >> i didn't ever get id or my pocketbook. >> reporter: when the south carolina born centenarian tried to get one. when you want to the d.c. government to get a new id. they said you have to have a birth certificate, right? >> i had to have a birth certificate. >> south carolina said i had to have a photo id. >> that's what they said. >> reporter: it wasn't until her predicament surfaced in "the washington post" that the d.c. government scrambled to pass an exception to the rule. and the mayor showed up in person to deliver the paperwork. >> good to see you. >> her concern isn't travel. she wanted to be sure she had the right to vote even though d.c. doesn't require voter id. she does want her son to drive her to myrtle beach this summer. you say you are not going to fly, why not? >> no, i never flew. i am afraid. >> reporter: you are not going
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to fly until -- >> the lord gives me wings. >> reporter: you won't need an id for that. >> no. ha-ha-ha. no, i won't need it. i will be free at last. >> reporter: bill plante, cbs news, washington. >> that's the "cbs overnight news" for this wednesday morning. for some of you the news continues. for others check back with us a little later for the morning news and cbs this morning. from the broadcast center in new york city, i'm scott pelley. ♪ ♪
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>> announcer: this is the "cbs overnight news." welcome to the overnight news. i'm don dahler. president obama is back at the white house after a week long trip to the middle east and europe. during a stop in germany, the president discussed a variety of global issues in a wide ranging interview with charlie rose. mr. obama addressed growing concerns about china and north korea. and his decision to send 250 more american troops to syria. they will help in the fight against isis also known as isil. >> us dismantling isil is a priority. although we are not going to be sending ground troops in to fight. we are going to try to -- to find out what works and then double down.
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and one of the things that worked so far is -- is us putting special forces in for training, and advising of local forces but also intelligence gathering. >> pivot to china. >> uh-huh. >> your secretary of defense has been in the region. how aggressive do you see the action in the south china sea. do you worry that they will cross some line in which you will have to respond more aggressively? >> i have been consistent since being president in believing that a productive, candid, relationship between the united states and china is vital not just to our two countries but to world peace and security. we are a lot better off with a chin that feels confident. >> not a zero sum game. >> it is not a zero sum game. what is true is that they have hey tendency to view some of the immediate regional issues, or dispults, as a zero sum game.
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so, with respect to the south china sea, rather than operate under international norm and rules, their attitude is we are the biggest kids around here. we are going to push aside the philippines or vietnamese, but it doesn't mean that we are frying to act against china. we just want them to be partners with us. where they break out of international rules and norms we will hold them to account. >> north korea finally? >> north korea is a massive challenge. our first priority is to protect the american people. and our al lie-- allies. they are erratic enough, their leader is personally irresponsible enough that we don't want them getting close. but, it's not something that lends itself to an easy
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solution. we could obviously destroy north korea with our arsenals. but aside from the humanitarian costs of that, they are right next door to our vital ally republic of korea. one of the things we have been duke is spending a lot more time positioning our missile defense systems. so that -- even as we try to resolve the underlying problem of a -- of nuclear development inside of north korea, we are also setting up a shield that can at least block -- block the relatively low level threats that they're posing right now. the president touched on other key topics including europe's refugee crisis and his relationship with german leader angela merkel. mr. obama also acknowledged international trade deals have hurt some american workers but he still hopes an agreement with europe will be finalized before he leaves office.
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not every trade agreement in the past has been good for workers. there has been offshoring, seeking primarily low wages or low environmental standards and companies can profit and then sell back those goods. irrespective of what that has done to the communities that they have left. there are legitimate concerns how globalization has proceeded. my argument -- and, and i think this is hard to dispute is -- its that -- the only way to, to change this system is to engage it, not to withdraw from it. part of our job is not to -- not to dismiss concerns about globalization. they're real and they're legitimate. it is to argue how do we make globalization which is not going to be reversed any time soon, work for ordinary people how do
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we make sure it is working for communities all across america. or here in europe. and that is something -- i'm convinced we can do. we have got to get the facts out. >> we are in germany. your favorite, as you have said, your favorite global leader who has been with you longest. what is it about you and angela merkel, what is it about her that, that makes you believe that she represents the kind of leadership you need in europe? >> i think i have an affinity for her. i think -- like to think she has an affinity for me. we are pretty rational. we both try to analyze a problem and solve it based on, on facts. and reason. and common sense. she believes in free markets. she believes in liberalism. she believes in democracy. she believes in a free press. she believes in plural its m.
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a -- pluralism. willing to make moral decisions not in her political interest. >> exactly right. she is a good politician, wouldn't be here that long. if you look at what she is doing with respect to the refugee crisis. making an argument to the german people. look, we are prospering now because people invested in us, in a marshal plan, helped us during the reunification. >> how are you coming together on dealing with migration? and refugees? >> what i said to them is that this is not just a european problem. this is our problem too. for two reasons. one is that if you have -- if you have a flood of refugees. and it is disorderly. these are folks who -- who potentially, if not handled properly could end up being alienated population inside of europe. and that its not assimilated, is
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not integrated. and will be resentful and that could have an impact in terms of their willingness to engage us, and help on counterterrorism. more importantly. more strategically, is the strain it is putting on europe's polit politics. the wait advances far right, nationalism. the degree to which the is encouraging. the breakup of european unity. in some cases is being exploited by some body like mr. putin. which says, forget about europe. look at, sort of reasserting -- the nationalists, greatness, and, and -- anti-muslim sentiments. >> his goal is to divide europe? >> well, i think that -- mr. putin, has generally viewed nato
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it is no secret members of raising money. but you may be surprised to learn just how many hours they spend on the phone asking for contributions instead of doing the jobs they were elected to do. a republican congressman wants to stop law makers from dialing for dollars. norah o'donnell spoke with him in a story for "60 minutes." >> tonight is not about claiming victory. tonight is about committing to service. >> reporter: florida republican david jolly within a special election to congress in march 2014. facing re-election bid that november, he was happy to get a lesson in fund-raising from a member of his party's leadership. but he was surprised by what he
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learned. >> we sat behind closed doors at one of the party head quarterback rooms. in front of a white board. where the equation was drawn out. six months to the election. break that down. $2 million in six months. your job, new member of congress is to raise $18,000 a day. your first responsibility to make sure you hit $18,000 a day. >> your first responsibility as a congressman? >> as a sitting member of congress. >> reporter: how are you supposed to raise $18,000 a day? >> by calling people. cold calling a list that fundraisers put in front of you. presented with their biography. please call john, married to sale. his daughter emma graduated from high school. they gave $18,000 last year to different candidates. they can give you $1,000 too if you ask them to. they put you on the phone. it is a script. >> reporter: there are actually scripts for calls. and we got our hand on one distributed by the national
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republican congressional committee to help gop members invite donors to attend their annual fund-raising dinner in march. it has the this useful diagram. if the donor answers the phone, the caller should plug the, unique opportunity to come together with house republican leadership. if they get turned down, they should remind the donor that the nrcc did a great deal to help maintain the majority in 2014. and itch thach get a yes, there is even an instruction for the caller to pause and let the donor speak. it must have worked. that nrcc dinner raised more than $20 million. breaking records. it was attended by members of congress, major donors including lobbyists including this man who was not too happy thup seep our camera crew. [ bleep ]. >> one successful fund raiser dmou does not let congress members
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off the hook. phone calls for money never stops. >> the house schedule its arranged around fund raiser. >> the whole schedule of how work gets done is scheduled around fund raising? >> that's right. you never see a committee working through lunch. those are your fund-raising times. between afternoon votes and evening votes you can see democrats walking down this street. republicans walking down that street. to spend time on the phone making phone calls. >> by law, members of congress cannot make fund-raising calls from their offices. so both parties have set up call centerers a few blocks away. this its where the republicans have theirs. so can i go in there? >> i don't think they would let either one of us in here at this point. remember, i stopped paying my dues. >> reporter: what jolly means in addition to raising money for their own campaigns, members are supposed to raise thousands of dollars for their parties. that's their dues. if republican members don't pay up, they can't use the party's call suites.
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no photos exist of the inside of either of the democratic or republican centerers. but with the help of a staffer, we were able to get into the republican center with a hidden camera. about a dozen tiny offices, equipped with a phone and computer, line a corridor. this is where members of congress silt behind closed doors and plow through lists of donors. dialing for dollars. outside in the main hallway is a big board, where the amount each member has the raised for the party its posted for all to see and compare. >> it is a cult-like boiler room on capitol hill where sitting members of congress, frankly i believe are compromising the dignity of the office they've hold by sitting in the sweatshop phone booths calling people asking for money. their only goal its to get $500, $1,000, $2,000 out of the person on the other end of the line. it is shameful. it its beneath the dignity of
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the office that our voters and communities entrust us to serve. >> but you may not have of a job if you don't fund raise. >> i am willing to take that risk. >> a risk because david jolly pledged to stop asking personally asking donors for money. that's not all. in february he introduced a bill called the stop act that would ban all federal elected officials from directly soliciting donations. >> congressman with all due respect. stopping members of congress from making phone calls its not going to fix the system? it is not comprehensive campaign finance reform? >> it is not. this is congressional reform. it simply says members of congress spend too much time raising money and not enough time doing their job. get back to work. and do your job. >> of the stop act would still allow members of congress to attend fundraisers. others could ask for donations their behalf. congressman reid ribel signed on as skoe sponsor of the stop act.
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after six years in washington. he is going home to wisconsin at the end of this term. >> you have spent your life running a commercial roofing company. >> yeah. >> reporter: when you came to congress, and heard how much you have to raise to keep getting re-elected did you want few quit? >> yeah, i did. >> reporter: are you the only one who feels that way? >> no, no. if members would beat candid there is a lot of frustration centered around it. some of this its the result of citizens united. the supreme court decision that opened up really corporate dollars into the system. if you want to have your own voice, if you've want your voice to be heard, as opposed to some outside group speaking for you, you better do your job and raise enough that you can. >> after the supreme court citizens united decision, a flood of outside money poured into super pacs. political groups which are allowed to spend unlimited dollars on adds to support or attack candidates for office.
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>> the last few years of congress have beenn't most unproductive ever. >> yeah, it is unbelievable. i didn't hardly recognize the place when i came back. >> congressman, rick nolan, democart from minnesota its also co-sponsoring the stop act. nolan first elected to congress in 1974, but served just six years. he returned in 2013. >> seemed like i took a nap. i came back. i said, wow, what happened to this place? what happened to democracy? the congress of the united states has hardly become a democratic ips tugs a iic insti. >> why. all the money in politics is my judgment. >> what has your party said about how members of congress should raise money? >> beth parties have told newly elected members of the congress. they should spend 30 hours a week in republican, democratic call centers across the street from the congress dialing for dollars. >> to watch the full report, go (sounds of birds whistling)
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♪ music ♪ introducing new k-y touch gel crème. for massage and intimacy. every touch, gently intensified. a little touch is all it takes. k-y touch. for those who enjoy drinking top shelf alcohol, the older is usually the better. but aged bottles of scotch, bourbon, rum, can cost hundreds if even thousands of dollars. one man wants to change that with an invention he claims can produce the ee kwquivalent of a 20-year-old spirit in less than a week. here its ben tracy.
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>> reporter: charleston, south carolina is a town that likes carriages horse drawn, streets cobblestoned. and its rum barrel aged. >> this is an example of a rum we are making now. >> reporter: when alex burns opened rational spirits distillery here, his business man seemed a little irrational. make rum that tastes old but without any barrels. there its not a single barrel in this place? >> correct. >> reporter: the reason no barrels because you have this? >> this machine. our science fair project. >> reporter: talking about this reactor which looks like something in a biotech lab not a rum factory. >> i came across this article that says guy claim he's can create 20-year-old rum in six days. i thought, wow that would solve a lot of problems. let me check it out. >> reporter: the guy making the claim is silicon valley entrepreneur brian davis. >> in six days you can make rum
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that tastes like it is 20 years old. >> uh-huh. >> reporter: that sound too good to be true. >> yeah. yeah. >> reporter: but it is. >> cool, huh. >> reporter: when alcohol its put into a barrel, molecules in the barrel's wood, polymers break down over time. this causes a series of chemical reactions that help give spirits such as rum, whiskey and bourbon, complex flavors, smoke, leather, honey. >> the challenge was figuring out how to make it degrade more rapidly. if we can put a man on the moon, right, figure out how to hack a piece of wood. i mean it can't be that hard, right? >> reporter: the answer was enlightening. davis built this reactor, wood chips soaking in rum are blasted with high intensity light, doing in six days what would take years in a barrel without any artificial ingredients. the end product matches the chemical composition of a
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decade's old spirit. is this kind of frankenstein booze? >> absolutely. yeah. >> you don't mind the phrase? >> no, i embrace that one. >> reporter: not just rum. davis is also using his invention to improve rye whiskey, a spirit so popular with modern mixologists there is now a serious shortage. bottles of aged rye routinely cost well over $1,000. >> reporter: how disruptive do you think this technology will be? >> so the idea is that everybody can get a better bottle of booze at a better price tag. for the booze aging business this is a tiectonic shift. everything changed under their feet. they may not realize it. it did. >> traditionally. only large corporations could afford aged barrels. now three distilleries are using davis' reactors to get similar results. and he said 75 more want to do the same.
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when rational spirits became the first client it named the rum santeria. which attracted leaders of the sainteria religion which uses rum in its rituals. this trio recently blessed the operation. >> this is good. >> reporter: but has become popular with rum experts like this chef, who plans to offer santeria at his about to open rum bar in charleston. the only rum less than three years old he will allow on his shelves. >> rums are very much like human beings. age and maturity are two different things. >> reporter: he says even if santeria doesn't quite taste 20 years it is certainly wise beyond its years. >> yeah, immediately. >> very good. i find this very similar to about an 8-year-old rum. >> reporter: in a business where waiting is the hardest part,
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that its a short cut worth drinking to.
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we end this morning with the story of a man on the way to a teaching career but got distracted by music. the people he helps now couldn't be happier that he changed course. here is jim axelrod. >> go ahead and open it up. and meet your instrument. these are not the kind of students robert brewer young thought he would be dealing with 24 years ago. >> have you dried playing can i hear? >> when he decided to teach. >> excellent. excellent. >> reporter: robert was in new york to become a philosophy professor when he kept hearing a certain sound. >> reporter: what spoke to you about the cello music? >> the cello for me the instrument the closest in tone and range to the human voice. i can't sing, so i thought i could let an in trumt strument
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for me. calling not to play cellos fwut -- but to repair them. robert found an apprenticeship on instrument repair. on his way there by subway, something kept catching his eye and ear. >> at the time there was a huge number of blind musicians playing on the streets and subways. they needed help. a lot of them were playing with three strings or very few hairs on their bow or instruments in bad condition. >> reporter: to fix their broken instruments he started nonprofit called the open string. soon he was giving instruments to kids all over the world who couldn't afford them. he visited classrooms from argentina to laurie murray's in san francisco. >> my gosh, i was so excited. >> it means everything. really what he is doing is almost literally handing them the keys to their potential. >> we worked out a way for me to
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make an instrument that would be available for you. >> reporter: he helps aspiring professionals reach their potential. rashad djhone's cello was badly damaged on a flight. he couldn't afford to fix it. without his cello he felt detached from himself. robert got him a new one. >> now you will be a little reattached. >> put back together. certainly. >> what do you see in the people you are giving to? >> i see a lot of joy. just simple human connection. >> reporter: not just repairing an instrument someone plays, but a little built of the person who plays it. jim axelrod, cbs news, new york. ♪ ♪ that's the "cbs overnight news" for this wednesday morning. for some of you, the news continues. for others, check back with us a little later for the morning news. and "cbs this morning." from the brought cast center in new york city, i'm don dahler.
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from the broadcast center in new from the broadcast center in new york city, i'm don dahler. captioning funded by cbs it's wednesday, april 27th, 2016. this the "cbs morning news." primary perfection, donald trump sweeps all five states, scoring hundreds of delegates and setting his sights on his potential next opponent. >> if hillary were a man, i don't think she'd get 5% of the vote. the only thing she's got going is the woman's card. and the beautiful thing is, women don't like her. >> and she didn't score the sweep, but hillary clinton got much closer to capturing her party's nomination with bernie sanders nearly out of


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